Chioggia is a populous and lively seaside town, which drips with history from every stone. It has a very original: sliced by channels, stitched by bridges. Its narrow streets, all perpendicular to the square, suggesting the classic image of the fish bone. This particular shape of the nickname of "Little Venice" .

Strolling through the narrow streets and bridges can enjoy all the charm and elegance that the city shall: Venetian-style buildings overlooking the canals, characteristic boats called Chioggia "Bragozzi" with their colorful sails, the fish, the Corso del Popolo, Churches, Museums and Monuments, Vigo Square with its beautiful bridge ...

It almost seems to go back centuries, and at the time of the Doges of Venice. Not surprisingly, during the summer season, The Palio is staged La Marciliana: Vintage absolute must!

In recent years, thanks to the artistic and cultural heritage, the town officially acquired the title of "Chioggia: city of art." A recognition of all due to this truly enchanting city.

A little 'history ...


Clodius, a veteran of the destruction of Troy,


with his companions Aeneas, and Antenor Aquilio would have landed on the Italian peninsula and was founded Clodia. The crest, a lion rampant on a white field, is similar to the Trojan. In 2000 BC the Pelasgian (pre-Hellenic populations), from Thessaly (the current region of central Greece, Epirus and Macedonia), would have settled here, giving rise to some names as Cluza (made artificially), Lusenzo , Perottolo, Bebe, Evrone, etc.. The mythical Etruscan people would leave its mark in the urban structure: the Corso del Popolo (thistle) was originally cut in the center of a road (decumanus) depending on the type then used by the "castrum".


The first historical references you have with Pliny the Elder (first century AD.) Who in his "Naturalis Historia" describes the "Fossa Clodia" and "Brundulum". Another ancient document is the table Peuntingeriana, preserved in the museum of Vienna, which describes the area of ancient trade through the port of Chioggia, or Evrone Edrone.


Over the centuries the name of the city underwent several changes: Clodia, Cluza, Clugia, Chiozza and Chioggia.

The 'island XI and XII of the lagoon

The barbarian invasions of the Goths, Huns-Franks-who succeeded in northern Italy from the fifth century. AD, caused a run on the most important cities of the mainland to the islands of the lagoon. In particular, the inhabitants of Este and Monselice integrated themselves with the people of Chioggia. Hence arose the need for a more articulated within the city government and an alliance with other nations lagoon estuary. Therefore he was elected a tribune who also participated in the confederation of the twelve islands of the lagoon, the first unit of the Serenissima Republic. At the end of the seventh century., Given the persistence of external aggression, the tribunes appointed a Dux or Doge, as the only military leader. Submarine was named Clodia Clodia Major and Minor and Chioggia were respectively the XI and XII of the Venetian island.

The destruction of 810 and 902

Another danger was led by the king of the Franks, Pepin the Short, who, with a strong army, after seizing the castles of Loreo, Cavan and Brondolo, Chioggia besieged by land and sea. Despite the stubborn resistance of the inhabitants, the city was forced to yield: it was razed to the ground, as was customary in those days (the punishment was proportionate to the strength and military casualties inflicted on the enemy).

Once rebuilt, it suffered a second total destruction, in 902, by the Hungarians.
After Mille, took a more important role for trade and was con


fronted on several occasions contrasts for the safeguarding of its territories, with the towns of ' inland (Padua, Treviso, etc..). The city's importance was also accentuated by the transfer of a bishopric in 1110 from Malamocco in Chioggia, along with the chapter of canons and the relics of SS. Felice and Fortunato, patron of the diocese since then.

"The War of Chioggia" 1379/80

The contrasts between Venice and Genoa for supremacy on the seas, that characterized the historical phase of the Maritime Republics, provoked in the second half of the fourteenth century. a direct confrontation between the two powers. The theater of war was just Chioggia, near Padua connection with the hinterland. The Genoese laid siege to the city by land and sea occupied the port in August 1379, then the town, ugly, and incendiandolo devastandolo irretrievably; conquered the island of St. Dominic and seized the city center after having fought with bayonets, in every alley and street. The victims were, according to the chronicles of the time, 3,500 and several thousand injured. The entire city was transformed into a fort with the closure of the open spaces of the streets, using wooden towers, built boats and beams of houses. The reaction of Venice, led by Vettor Pisani and Carlo Zeno led to the recapture of Chioggia, after a siege of months, June 24, 1380. From this time the city will not be able to assume the former splendor: the production of salt, already in crisis from the 1 st century after 1000, will stop the function keeping in saline only for local consumption, the navy will suffer the backlash the most comprehensive commercial crisis; fishing still remain within the limited space along the lagoon and coastal waters. Since then, the politics and economics chioggiotta become increasingly subordinate to the Venetian power.

The city government

The government of the 2 nd city doges Chioggia, who tried several times to reaffirm its autonomy from the dominant, had an organization similar to that of Venice. There was a Major council on which were represented the most important families, about 100, and a Minor Council of six members who had the executive power. Officially representing the city's mayor, sent by the Venetian Republic for a limited period of 16 months, had the task of presiding councils, public finance and administer justice. Since 1300 this was also a Grand Chancellor, who had the prerogative only Dogato Candia and Cyprus. He had the task of recording the official acts and to formalize all the other charges.

The ages of the crisis

The 1400, 1500 and 1600 were characterized by a precarious situation. Destroyed or severely damaged the sea defenses, the area was subject to continual flooding, while the population had to bear with insistent frequency of pestilence and famine. Another disaster came from the grueling fight against the Turks in which he was directly involved and for which Chioggia was deprived of his forces younger and better. The raids, then, the pirates and fugitives that infested the upper Adriatico looting and capturing merchant vessels and seamen, completed the disaster, including economic, of the city. Chioggia had to suffer, well, twice banned by the Church, the first time in 1515 by Julius II for having seized the papal ships and the second time in 1606 along with Venice for suspected heresy. On Christmas Eve of 1623 the city was devastated by fire, possibly arson, the ancient cathedral: the reconstruction bled even more the already limited financial resources. Almost simultaneously, he had to suffer the sad consequences of the famous plague of mercenaries, which caused 7,000 victims well over a population that exceeded 12,000 people. The 1700 was the century of great contradictions, while the misery of the population was relieved, in part, by the charitable institutions of the Monte di Pietà, the orphanage, the welcoming people, the widows' houses, there was a feverish rush to beautify and adorn the city works with public, private palaces and religious buildings in the square and the banks giving the appearance that you can still admire.

Napoleonic and Austro-Hungarian domination, the "Uprising of the Christ"

On 14 May 1797, after only two days since their establishment in Venice, the


French entered in Chioggia and established a democratic system (the municipalities) reorganizing methods of government and policy areas: justice, health, finances, education The politics of territory, (harbor, lagoon, et


c..). Were disposed of certain assets owned by the aristocracy and some ecclesiastical institutions deemed parasitic. The revolutionary experience lasted just over a year, because all of the Venetian Republic in 1789, the Treaty of Campo Formio was ceded to Austria. With the Austrians returned to power the old political class. Memorable were the events of April 20, 1800, known as "The uprising of the Christ", in which the population rose during the traditional procession of Christ's miraculous S. Domenico, against the Austrian garrison. Following a snub from a soldier and a boy went to a fight and then a wild and true battle so as to entrench the Austrians in the Fort St. Happy, I decided to bomb the city. This episode of hate anti-Austrian made greet with enthusiasm the French return to the city (1806-1814) and then subjected to suspicion and distrust of the second name of Austria (1814-1866).

The Renaissance

On 22-23 March 1848 the city was freed by the Austrians almost peaceful, especially through the work of Antonio Naccari which will be the first mayor when it will be declared a unitary state. Bragozzi were twelve and a tartan Chioggia to transport, from Cesenatico, Garibaldi and his entourage escaped from Rome and an intention to bring help to Venice besieged. Many were also the followers of Garibaldi's campaigns: Chioggia can boast the youngest of the Thousand, the eleven Giuseppe Marchetti. The Italians entered the Chioggia October 15, 1866 and the following year it was found to host two distinguished personalities of our risorgim: February 27 Giuseppe Garibaldi, and May 11 the King Vittorio Emanuele II.


The First World War disrupted Chioggia so great, not only for the 370 dead and 60 missing, but especially for the state of decay that led to its economy, and consequently its social fabric.
The fishing boats and merchant ships were stranded in the shore for about three years, because a royal decree of July 25, 1915 prevented the navigation in the Adriatic, strewn with loose cannons. A similar fate befell agriculture and horticulture. Since the beginning of the war the Military Command of Venice imposed restrictions on exports, moreover, on the occasion of the defeat of Caporetto, to avoid the enemy's advance, he ordered the enlargement of most of the land cultivated by cutting on the banks of the Brenta and channel-Bacchiglione of Hearts. After the war, unemployment, which has always constituted a blight on Chioggia, soured so serious to return from the front of the last lever of young people. While living conditions increasingly s'aggravavano: prices continued to soar, scarce foodstuffs and basic necessities. It was time for protest and popular mobilization that was recognized in the ideals and programs of the Socialist Party and organized leagues in the room of Labor. And right at the election of October 1920, the Socialist party gained the absolute majority in the City Council. The "Red Board" (29 October 1920-21 April 1921), directed by Riccardo Ravagnan <1>, was characterized by a series of measures in favor of the lower classes, such as price controls, the review of the taxation system, the fight against illiteracy, the fight against speculation, the block of dense and free health care for the needy.


But against Chioggia who had expressed such a desire for direction, focused the attention of the fascists. Through violence, persecution and punitive expeditions from all over the Veneto, the fascists obtained the dismissal of that came a Socialist who had been democratically elected. The central authorities of the State is allowed cunningly organized a manhunt against the advisers to tear terroristicamente resign, and the wounding of the Secretary of the Federation of Workers of the Sea, and the sacking of the local Chamber of Labour. Held on July 24th of '21 elections, was presented only demofascista plank, which had more than adhesions, massive abstention. The socialist and communist leaders were forced into exile, internal exile, reduced to silence and tightly monitored. But life was not easy, however, the beam at Chioggia, especially in the 1 st decade, the internal strife, as demonstrated by the large number of mayor and commissioners. In 1935 the dam was inaugurated S. Happy at the port of Chioggia, a colossal work that you were working for several years, which constituted, in addition to greater safety for vessels, including the expansion of the beach since then grow gradually.


Tragic was the budget of the World War II. In addition to the 157 soldiers dead and 144 missing in battle, Chioggia recorded another 60 dead and 500 injured in 18 heavy bombing that struck the city, destroying over a hundred houses and damaging another 250 or so, with a total of more than one thousands of homeless and displaced several hundred. Immediately, after the signing of the armistice (8 wk. 1943) with allied forces, in Chioggia, was formed a nucleus of resistance against the German oppressors, and Republican fascism, that after a few weeks became the CLN (Committee of Liberation National) Mandamentale of Chioggia. The plans of the allies, Chioggia was considered a possible landing place of that, with the support of the partisan forces, would allow the occupation of the coastal fortifications of the Veneto and later as a whole, especially after the liberation of Ravenna (December 4, 1944). Huge horror aroused in July 1


944, the terrible reprisals against the fascist Baldin family (mother, father and son) and Narciso Mantovan: the house was burned and they were tortured, beaten and bruised, killed and thrown nell'Adige, guilty of having hosted the Allied prisoners, terrifying warning for a whole population that refused all cooperation with the German. The Liberation Chioggia occurred April 27, 1945, two days later than the date nazionale.Si succeeded, with an impressive and memorable campfire, to avoid the threat of total destruction of the city by the allied aviation, which sought to restrain in definitely a continuing concentration of German troops.


Formerly our fishermen had a greater extent than at present. Often remained in the sea for the lack of engines for months and fished in areas like the former Yugoslavia at that time italiana.In effect until 1915 the fishing grounds were extended to our fishermen along the coast of Yugoslavia, up to Albania. Because historical events, a treaty was signed (the Brioni) that fixed for our fishermen like fishing, the coast and part Italian, now Yugoslavia, up to about Zara.La loss of these territories, Italian time u After the Second World War, caused the elimination of this fishing zone: then, after 1945, a treaty with Italo-Yugoslav one fixed the limits of territorial waters and fishing opportunities, as the Italians to Trieste .

The wheel guard

This method of fishing is unwound from a pair of boats of about 20 meters. Usually the boats depart at dawn, remaining at sea for about 3-4 hours, is added to the "eye" (device used to locate schools of pesce.Individuati schools of fish decreases the net that is towed by two boats. The fish catch is divided according to quality. usually are taken every day around 1000/1500 boxes of fish (sardines, sardines, anchovies, mackerel, etc. ..). These are possibly sold to merchants, as the greater the chance of gain and AIMA. latter retires every day 1500 boxes of anchovies, which are processed into feed.


The fishing takes place with the crampons of cases of iron with teeth welded to a blade as the harpoon. The spikes are of two types: one for the sole, the other for the scallops. It's a grueling fishing for workers forced to only one or two rest days per week for a massive effort.

The parancai

Fishing with parancai is carried out with a boat of about 10 metri.Il "parancalo" is a nylon wire 300 meters long, with lots of love posted a meter on the other. With parancai are caught eels, flounder and "go".

The clam fishing

The clam fishing is conducted with mechanized equipment. From the stern of the boat is thrown an anchor weighing about a quintale.Si then proceeds, with a boat until the steel cable of the winch is not in a shot. Water is then thrown into a kind of cash drawn from ingranatao winch and connected to the engine with a belt of barca.Quando you are close to the anchor, the chest is lifted and clams spilled on deck, and are made with a shovel in a "Tamiso" (tool for cleaning, divide the clams from small crustaceans and possible).

The King

Fishing for "King" is done with small barche.La network, is about one kilometer long and four feet high. They fish for più6, sole, flounder and mullet.

Antique boats and fishing methods

Fishing has always been a major activity in Chioggia, even for a long time, almost the only activity svolta.Spesso women also participated in such activities or adjusting building networks or selling (this only Sottomarina given a different vision of the role the woman) the fish caught by men. Since ancient times there were reports on the art of fishing, and handed down from father to son. Already the Roman Senator Cassiodorus speaks of it or in the sixth century after Christ by putting out like most of the population is devoted almost exclusively food and fish. The boats più6 old, taken in the maritime department of Chioggia are tartans, tartans and sardellere.Le boats were very strong and stable and were also used, since the fourteenth century, sailing ships and boats to fight by the Venetian navy. The sardellere were used almost exclusively for sardine fishing. In the nineteenth century began the decline of tartans and began the era of bragozzo, the causes were many. First of all, there was an open debate among fishermen of Chioggia and those of Rovinj in Istria (between them is not never ran bad blood). The fishermen of Chioggia used the Dalmatian areas were considered because più6 fishy with the consequence that were not well regarded by the inhabitants of those places. The latter sent a letter to the Venetian Senate accused of ruining the fishermen with their catch of the seabed, thus causing the ruin and the possibility of playing the fish. In 1770, it was not established despite the damage caused by fishing to "guard", the Senate issued a decree that forbade fishing along the coasts dalmate.Ciò no doubt caused a blow to the navy Chioggia. The tartene despite being equipped for this type of fishing, had not started their practice so più6 decadenza.Negli years, the greediness of the required fees for this type of vessel by the Habsburg government, caused the lack of investment in these vessels . THE decay of tartans was also motivated by the fact that the type of fishing to "guard" bragozzi had done with the same result for the more bragozzo had the opportunity to fish in waters having low più6 più6 lighter and smaller than the tartan . But it was more dangerous, but this factor did not account for the fishermen, so the duty was to earn in order to feed their families as the periods of chronic poverty as they passed. So you risked more, however you earn more, because the same amount of fish rather than divide it by eight, so many were the crew of the tartan, was divided by four, more than enough for the crew bragozzo.Anche the cost of maintaining influenced the decline of tartana.La tartan unmanned cost 7000 pounds compared to 3000 pounds of bragozzo.

The squeri

The bragozzi Chioggia were built mainly small sites such squeri, conducted by shipwrights who handed down the secrets of building strictly from father to son. They were simple buildings constructed by three brick walls, on which rested the roof and an open facade, facing the canal, with massive wooden doors, sliding, about 6 feet tall. Above was placed in the middle of the pediment, a sacred icon, said cesiòla, consisting of a wooden panel of a polygonal shape, surmounted by a rough framework of protection. All the major stages of construction of the vessel were carried out on the inside, said Tenza, which were completed open the sliding doors and proceeded to launch the boat with the cry "to vessels on the x, x in molao, tirève in there, go to , to be ..... "The various operations were quite complex and for this purpose we used a quantity of miscellaneous equipment, each having its own name; these operations followed a predetermined ritual, which began with the construction dell'ossatura true of bragozzo to its exterior and interior decoration. The sites were located along the eastern shore of the canal San Domenico and in part of the West Channel Lombardo. Charming and cheerful was the launching ceremony of a bragozzo nuovo, which, before you do get on the water, all decked out in their Sunday best, was blessed, after reciting the Chiàbita, storpitura beginning of Psalm 90 "here habitats"; the party was greater if it had no debt, which the fisherman was often forced to resort to pay for the boat. A launch took place, this was celebrated with a Ganzega, a refreshing wine-based salae with sardines, and Canoce buli, attended all. One of the most frequently found in dry docks of Chioggia was cassèla ambuòlo, box with three compartments containing a sponge and red earth used by carpenters, who dyed a wire that marked the lumber. In 1976, only seven sites were operating in Chioggia, now further decurtatisi, compared with 141 operating in 1876.

The bragozzo

By the nineteenth century began the period of bragozzo. Given the high price of tartans and related equipment, the properties of the latter was facing a few owners, with the advent of bragozzo expanded the possibility of owning a fishing boat from the large size. However, several fishermen into debt to buy a boat is often all vita.Infatti usurers of the place demanded very high rates, "every 600 lire a capitalist sborsava cash to the owner of one or more bragozzi, receives a quarter of the gains made during the journey. Then a fisherman could easily indebted for life, since he had to take account of the interest. Generally, the boat was paid in advance and then with the delivery of monthly installments of 12/14 pounds.

The purchase price and any extensions, were discussed between the builder and fisherman, in the public taverns, places always in Chioggia, to meet, play and even bargaining. Having set the mode, the production started on the ship, and before it is fully completed, before putting the final finish, the so called "patch blessed", the master was obliged to pay to drink to all workers, as had already done before starting work. (Wetting the auction). The boat is left a white band which served afterwards to paint an angel, a Madonna or otherwise. THE launch of it's time for celebration: it was the hope of a better future even though most of the time it was not because of the large debiti.La boat was festively decorated with flags and "masi" (two small wheels placed on a ' Another bombasi lined and wrapped in colored strings). So we ate and drank all expenses paid by the owner and there were even the religious moment where a priest blessed the new boat with holy water.

Construction: The bragozzo, built in the boatyard by the sixth (preset templates, which were used to derive the baskets, that is, the ordinates of the hull), the late nineteenth century was 12 feet long, 3.15 wide and 1 high , was 05 meters forward of the central hatch, a hatch aft and a bow. The rudder reached a length of almost 4 meters. The construction phase began with the auction of bow and stern oak very robust, which were then fixed magieri (courses of plating). The 'backbone of the hull was made from baskets. Among magieri bow and stern were the places mancoli mooring. The skin was folded with fire, as obtained by burning a reed: the wood was heated and, keeping it moist with mud, trying to give the desired curvature. Once the blanket, and then proceeded to finish the caulking, performed by means of tarred oakum, inserted in the gaps using special chisels and beating with a large hammer, said magus. Then the hull was covered inside and outside with pitch (the pitch). Then he stared at the mainmast, which provvedeva alborante and the sails were hoisted, packaged by velero or cut and sewn by the same men, and fishing nets were provided to women of the family. Particular attention was paid to the construction of the rudder, the strongest part of the boat, since he also had, in part, the functions of the keel was used to build a vast array of tools: Morsetta, plane, verìgola, mallet and hammer. Not lacking in the bow of the bragozzo Fogon, that the brazier usually constituted by a simple rectangular box lined with sheet zinc, which was used for cooking food. The hull of a bragozzo was very robust and resistant to repeated requests, allowing the use of this boat even under difficult situations. In 1889 the cost of a full 36-foot Venetian bragozzo (about 12.5 meters), for ready cash, had a total of £. 4530.5.

Sails: Sailing has always been the symbol, the emblem of the most striking characteristic bragozzo Chioggia, so much so that the vigariolo (become a fisher sighting sea) recognized from a distance of several Paroni bragozzi color especially depictions painted by on the sails. Normally the sails of the bragozzi Chioggia to the second half of the 800 were two for those of a greater extent and for those of lesser extent. The sails and stern thruster (de tronchéto) were the third, sometimes even appeared jib. They were fishermen themselves or their women who sewed the sail, stitching together sfèrzi 34-35 (ie towels), but not without having first practiced with a knife, cut down, to give the proper slant. Then the men were interested to arm them. They were armed in the traditional system of remote sources, which can be dated back to the galleys, and defined as a fisherman's armor: it was possible to assume a certain shape to the sail bag, which allowed to exploit the wind beating. When the wind was strong you were using metafioni, ie hanging wires attached to the wing, horizontal rows of seats. Then he proceeded to dipintura sails using the colors more easily available to those times: ocher, brick red, black and sometimes blue, green and brown. The color of the sails were made with teréta, color powder, which was dissolved in seawater, they were then placed in the sun to dry, then throw in the sea water to remove dust left by the painting and then exposed again to because the sun finally drying out and thus be ready for use.

The decorations: Once the hull of bragozzi was adorned with various decorations. A bow were painted in oil winged figures in the act of playing the trumpet, said ànzoli (Angels), or sacred subjects, along the sides, to pesséte that if surrounded or framed, those symbols. The purpose of these paintings was, of course, to achieve protection of the saints or the Madonna. Other paintings were quite common: white doves with olive branch, sun dials, small eyes (the latter a clear meaning apotropaic). These traditions of Christian origin or Egyptian. Often the fishermen of Chioggia personalizzavano their boats with simple geometric designs on the sides and bulwarks at the bow or emblems or flags to the place of origin. The Angels (Anzoli) were painted by some fishermen usually experienced in the design, which was just called and pitoréto of Anzoli. On bragozzi Chioggia were seen frequently reproduced images of the patron saints, the Madonna of the Spaceship, the Passion of Jesus, St. George etc.. Other paintwork could be seen inside the hull, fore and aft. A bow and just seemed like a real oil painting, while on the parapets of the various hatches were admired individuals, depending on the imagination of fishermen. Aft the tradition was that it was painted, inside the walled, the owner's name and place of origin with a crucifix in the middle, while outside, on the sides, it reproduced the name of the boat surrounded by fanciful cornices. Some have seen in these decorations bragozzo a mixed religious and sacred elements of superstition, when it came even to the inclusion of ancient pagan elements. These were in the concept and use of the pentagram (5-point star with rays converging at the center or a circle that inscribes a star), the vellus in use in older boats, luggers and the tartans, the 'Oculus (contained in Egyptian and Phoenician vessels as well as on Roman ships with magical function) and Penelo, which will be discussed further. These were the most common decorative ornament which appeared once in the Chioggia boats.

The companies

The fishing areas were lashed by Chioggia: the Istrian coast and the coasts romagnole.Furono formed for foreign fishing companies of 18/20 bragozzi, headed by a fisherman bold and very esperto.Prima to start teaching a kind of cipher to all anglers: this was to beat with a wooden stick, depending on the sound produced when you had to understand "down their nets, and sailing into a port, etc.". Head of fisheries in the boat there were generally two more lanterns lit at night: one noted that this was the boat of the "head" and so was the reference point for any problem, The other, located amidships, was always turned on and off if it was meant that everyone had to escape with their bragozzo, since the head of fishery was not able to save anyone. Shipwrecks and consequently the deaths at sea were continuously present in the work of the elements of indirect evidence pesca.Delle are songs, poems and prayers also Tolele (or votive) in the churches, especially in that of St. Dominic that testify these dangers. Departures from Chioggia to the "Kvarner" took place in early November, the return on Good Friday this was a given almost obligatory, the religiosity of the fishermen, often mixed with superstition, not allowed to live outside the home, the day of death and resurrection. Originally, there is however a more practical reason: in the months of March and April, so when Easter falls, it was not necessary because even distant fishing areas near Chioggia were rich in fish and also because the period was warmer than difficult to preserve the catch. Fishing abroad meant problems for the transport of fish that had to be only sold at Chioggia or Venezia.Dai trial records could be found that this is not always occurred despite a government decree of 1765 Old Venezia.Tra of laws There was also enacted that prohibited the purchase of fish on board vessels.

THE transport of the fish came through portolate every 5/7 bragozzi there was one of these boats, which left from specially Chioggia. But when there was the need to land the catch at short notice due to weather or absolute calm wind of the work was carried out directly by portolate bragozzi.La function of portolate not exhausted in the transportation of fish but also the effects of personal pescatori.Non skippers being able to read and write instead of placing the name of each component of the crew, put the symbol of the wing to score in a data book of the fisherman, the money given, the costs for food. Even the numbering was unique, was a mixture of numbers and probably others of Latin origin Phoenician or Etruscan.

THE transport of fish has always been a problem: often, due to the lack of wind, the fish had to be thrown overboard because they could not wait for more days, since there is no way to keep it. Only with the introduction of the engine will quickly transport, and therefore the opportunity to trade of fresh fish.

Some parts of the text were taken from the publication CHIOGGIA HISTORICAL TOURS ARTISTIC Gianni Scarpa and Sergio Ravagnan


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